Types of lighting
The effect of rooms, facades, objects and vegetation greatly depends on the type of lighting. This ranges from general lighting through to specific highlighting. Washlighting forms the background for accent lighting for emphasising objects. In terms of orientation lighting, points of light or rows of light are used to provide orientation in the outdoor area.
Luminaires are available in a wide variety of types, each intended to fulfil different lighting requirements. For external applications it is primarily permanently mounted luminaires that are used.
Lighting technology for accent lighting
Lighting tools with a wide-beam light distribution
Lighting technology for vertical surfaces
Luminaires for facades
Luminaires for pathways and open areas
Recessed ceiling luminaires with various light distributions
Surface-mounted luminaires with different light distributions
Recessed floor luminaires
Diverse light distributions for recessed floor luminaires
Luminaires functioning as signals to provide orientation
Illuminating facades by night changes the atmosphere of a city. In urban areas or civic parks, points of interest can be created to enable orientation and to establish spatial reference points. Light in the outdoors also extends one's perception when looking outside from with a building.
Defining space through facade lighting at night
Illumination of ceilings
Lighting concepts for pathways and open areas
Eye-catching lighting effects for objects in the room and pictures
Using light to optimally emphasise the nocturnal effect of buildings
Lighting concepts for tree illumination
In this subchapter, application possibilities for outdoor luminaires are shown using design examples. Design variations are presented using simulations.
The development in architecture towards transparency transforms buildings at night into effigies shining from the inside out. Light has advanced to become a marketing topic for a number of cities. A sensitive treatment of light in the outdoor area is crucial for acheiving a clear view of the night sky.