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Technical environment
Technical environment
Global standard 220V-240V/50Hz-60Hz
Standard for USA/Canada 120V/60Hz, 277V/60Hz
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Illuminance: the different types

Graphical depiction of illuminance.

Illuminance E as a measure of luminous flux incident per surface unit A.

Illuminance (E) describes the quantity of light incident on a surface. It is the ratio of the incident luminous flux (Φ) to the size of the surface (A). The unit of measure of illuminance is lux (lx). This is defined as lumens per square metre (1lx = 1lm/m2). Illuminance recedes with the square of the distance from the light source (photometric law of distance).

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Overview on the topic illuminance

What is the difference between illuminance and luminance?

Illuminance and luminance are two important photometric parameters in lighting design. Both take into account the brightness sensitivity curve of the human eye. Illuminance is a measure of the light incident on a surface, whereas luminance describes the light reflected from it. If a white and a black sheet of paper are illuminated with the same intensity, the same illuminance will be measured on both sheets. However, the white sheet reflects significantly more light than the black sheet and thus has a higher luminance.

What is point illuminance?

In contrast to the nominal illuminance (Em), which gives an indication of the average illuminance of a surface, point illuminance (Ep) describes the precise illuminance at a certain point.

Using the photometric law of distance, it is possible to calculate the illuminance at individual points in space. Indirect lighting components are not taken into account in the calculation, but can be included via an additional calculation. Calculating point illuminances mainly plays a role in lighting design for narrowly defined areas illuminated by individual luminaires, e.g. exhibits in an exhibition.

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Further topics on photometry

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